The heavy water nuclear facility near Arak, Jan. 15, 2011. (AP/ISNA, Hamid Foroutan)
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Below are the technical cornerstones of the deal that Iran and six world powers announced Tuesday to curb Tehran's nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief. CENTRIFUGESIn accordance with a framework deal reached in Switzerland in April, Iran agreed to operate around 5,000 IR-1 centrifuges out of 6,100 installed machines for uranium enrichment for 10 years.STOCKPILESSince an earlier framework deal struck in 2013, Iran has stopped enriching uranium above 5 percent fissile purity – no material of a higher grade than this is normally used in nuclear power plants.Under the final deal, Iran is required to reduce this stockpile to 300 kilograms of 3.67-percent fissile purification for 15 years.The United States says that with the deal Iran's breakout time will be one year for at least 10 years.The deal allows Iran to conduct R&D using its more efficient centrifuge models, such as the IR-4, IR-5, IR-6 and IR-8 for 10 years, without being allowed to accumulate enriched uranium.Under snapback, punitive sanctions are automatically reintroduced if Iran fails to comply with the deal.Snapback, however, comes with a delay which can stretch to 65 days under the deal.
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