In this Nov. 15, 2017 photo, Haider, left, and Abdullah carry belongings they collected from their damaged house to wash before returning to live in the Old City of Mosul, Iraq. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)
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Local leaders in Mosul, the biggest city held by Daesh, say that amount is needed to rehabilitate their city alone.The longer it takes, the longer many of those who fled Daesh or the fighting remain uprooted. While 2.7 million Iraqis have returned to lands seized back from the militants, more than 3 million others cannot and they languish in camps. Worst hit is Mosul; the U.N. estimates 40,000 homes there need to be rebuilt or restored, and some 600,000 residents have been unable to return to the city, once home to around 2 million people.There were effectively two battles for Mosul.There, Daesh dug in and the Iraqis and U.S.-led coalition upped their firepower, culminating in house-to-house fighting in the Old City. The city, which Daesh overran in the summer of 2014, was declared liberated in July. WRENCHING HOMECOMINGSThe enormity of the task ahead in Mosul can be grasped by what has – and hasn't – happened in Ramadi, the capital of Iraq's western Anbar province. Two years after it was retaken from Daesh, more than 70 percent of the city remains damaged or destroyed, according to the provincial council.After the 2003 toppling of Saddam Hussein, the U.S. pumped $60 billion over nine years into Iraqi reconstruction.
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