A Civil Defense member carries a damaged canister in Ibleen village from what activists said was a chlorine gas attack, in Idlib countryside.
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Now a list has been produced of individuals whom the investigators have linked to a series of chlorine bomb attacks in 2014-15 – including Assad, his younger brother Maher and other high-ranking figures – indicating the decision to use toxic weapons came from the very top, according to a source familiar with the inquiry.The U.N.-OPCW inquiry – known as the Joint Investigative Mechanism (JIM) – is led by a panel of three independent experts, supported by a team of technical and administrative staff. It is mandated by the U.N. Security Council to identify individuals and organizations responsible for chemical attacks in Syria.Syria is not a member of the International Criminal Court, but alleged war crimes could be referred to the court by the Security Council – although splits among global powers over the war make this a distant prospect at present.The first, titled "Inner Circle President" lists six people including Assad, his brother who commands the elite 4th Armored Division, the defense minister and the head of military intelligence.The Syrian government, which denied its forces were behind the Ghouta attack, also agreed to hand over its declared stockpile of 1,300 tons of toxic weaponry and dismantle its chemical weapons program under international supervision.The panel published a report in October last year that said Syrian government forces used chemical weapons at least three times in 2014-2015 and that Daesh used mustard gas in 2015 .
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