The danger is that Iraq will miss the chance to break the sectarian cycle that has fueled extremism for more than a decade.
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Many Shiite politicians are wary, and the Sunni leadership is divided and disorganized.Sunni Arabs dominated the ruling Baath Party and leadership positions during the rule of Saddam, a Sunni himself who brutally suppressed Shiites.Long term, many Sunnis want provincial governors to have greater control over security forces on their soil, ensuring that Sunnis are patrolling Sunni regions.The collapse of mainly Sunni police forces in the face of the Daesh blitz of 2014 only reinforced Shiite fears that Sunnis would not act against militants.MILITIASIntertwined with Sunni security demands is their deep opposition to Shiite militias, which have a major role in the fight against Daesh but are also accused of abuses against Sunnis. Shiite militias and Kurdish fighters hold significant parts of Ninevah province and other mainly Sunni areas. Sunnis want those forces to leave quickly.DECENTRALIZATIONA main Sunni call is for greater authority and resources to be handed down to the provinces, giving Sunnis more say in areas they dominate.SUNNI DIVISIONSNot all Sunni factions have signed onto the working paper.
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