A man checks his fish traps in the Nile River near Abu al-Nasr village, about 770 kilometers south of Cairo.
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The only reason Egypt has even existed from ancient times until today is because of the Nile River, which provides a thin, richly fertile stretch of green through the desert.Egypt fears that will cut into its water supply, destroying parts of its precious farmland and squeezing its population of 93 million people, who already face water shortages.The Nile is different: Few nations rely so completely on a single river as much as Egypt does. The Nile provides over 90 percent of Egypt's water supply. Around 60 percent of Egypt's Nile water originates in Ethiopia from the Blue Nile, one of two main tributaries.Egypt already receives the lion's share of Nile waters: more than 55 billion of the around 88 billion cubic meters of water that flow down the river each year.Addis Ababa insists it will not cause significant harm to Egypt or Sudan downstream.One study by a Cairo University agriculture professor estimated Egypt would lose a staggering 51 percent of its farmland if the fill is done in three years. A slower, six-year fill would cost Egypt 17 percent of its cultivated land, the study claimed.From there it flows through Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea.
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