Mahdi Abu Enad, a Sunni Arab farmer, walks in a field in the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar, on February 5, 2019. / AFP / Zaid AL-OBEIDI
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Now, like other Sunni Arab farmers in Iraq's diverse north, Mahdi Abu Enad is cut off from his fields, fearing reprisal attacks.He hails from the mountainous region of Sinjar, which borders Syria and is home to an array of communities – Shiite and Sunni Arabs, Kurds, and Yazidis.That patchwork was ripped apart when Daesh (ISIS) rampaged across the area in 2014, and has not reconciled even long after Iraqi forces ousted IS in 2017 .Displaced Sunni Arabs, on the other hand, slam the sweeping accusation as unfair and say looting and the threat of retaliatory violence have kept them from coming home.In 2017, Human Rights Watch said Yazidi armed groups reportedly abducted and executed 52 Sunni Arab civilians in retaliation for Daesh abuses.Iraqi courts have tried hundreds for belonging to Daesh, handing down at least 300 death sentences.While the communal fissures in Sinjar are particularly deep, the challenge of rebuilding trust after Daesh is one faced across Iraqi society.Sunnis are a minority in Iraq, whose population is about 60 percent Shiite.
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