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Afghanistan election result delayed, no new president in time for NATO summit

File - In this photograph taken on July 11, 2014 the Afghan presidential palace is pictured during the vist of US Secretary of State John Kerry (unseen) to Kabul.AFP PHOTO/POOL/Jim Bourg

KABUL: Afghanistan will not have a new president in time for a key NATO summit next week, officials said Thursday, as the country’s prolonged election crisis lurched toward another damaging delay.

The latest deadline of Sept. 2 was abandoned as a U.N.-supervised audit of all 8 million ballots has fallen behind schedule, with both candidates still claiming victory in the fraud-tainted vote.

A NATO summit in Britain from Sept. 4 to Sept. 5 is meant to agree on future support for Afghanistan after the 13-year U.S.-led combat mission ends later this year.

But NATO members had repeatedly stressed a new president should be in place before the summit, to prove that the country is becoming a functioning state. The country has received billions of dollars of military and civilian aid assistance.

The United Nations released a statement saying that its mission chief Jan Kubis had told outgoing President Hamid Karzai “that a rigorous and credible audit required time, but could be completed around 10 September.”

“Following all necessary steps, as required by law, the inauguration of the new president should then be possible soon after,” it said.

The U.S. had led a strong international effort to push for the next president to be inaugurated by Sept. 2, to allow him to attend the summit.

Karzai, who has had a series of bitter spats with U.S.-led military coalition, has confirmed that he will not go to Britain, though a senior minister may attend in his place.

NATO press officials in Kabul were not immediately available to comment on whether both Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah, the two presidential candidates, could attend the event.

The summit was meant to showcase the signing of a security pact that would allow a U.S.-led NATO support mission in 2015.

The disputed June 14 election has sparked fears that protests could spiral into ethnic violence – and even lead to a return of the fighting between warlords that ravaged Afghanistan during the 1992-1996 civil war.

Ethnic friction is a risk, as Abdullah draws his support from Tajiks and other northern Afghan groups, while Ghani is backed by Pashtun tribes of the south and east.

The vote audit was part of a deal brokered by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, in which the candidates also agreed that the winner would form a national unity government.

Negotiations over the unity government have struggled, while officials deny reports that some current ministers planned to break the impasse by setting up an “interim administration” to take power.

The Afghan government has been paralyzed for months, and unrest has worsened nationwide this year, with Taliban insurgents launching several major new offensives.

Civilian casualties soared by 24 percent in the first half of 2014, according to recent U.N. figures.

Abdullah was ahead of Ghani after the first round of voting in April but preliminary results of the runoff showed Ghani ahead by over 1 million votes.

Karzai, whose successor was first due to be inaugurated on Aug. 2, has already packed up his personal belongings and library of books, ready to leave the palace, his spokesman told AFP Thursday.

He has stayed publicly neutral in the election and is constitutionally barred from standing for a third term in office.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on August 29, 2014, on page 11.

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Summary

Afghanistan will not have a new president in time for a key NATO summit next week, officials said Thursday, as the country's prolonged election crisis lurched toward another damaging delay.

The latest deadline of Sept. 2 was abandoned as a U.N.-supervised audit of all 8 million ballots has fallen behind schedule, with both candidates still claiming victory in the fraud-tainted vote.

A NATO summit in Britain from Sept. 4 to Sept. 5 is meant to agree on future support for Afghanistan after the 13-year U.S.-led combat mission ends later this year.

But NATO members had repeatedly stressed a new president should be in place before the summit, to prove that the country is becoming a functioning state.


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