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builds to get kids out of orphanagesThe horror stories emerged quickly after the 1989 toppling of Communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu: shocking accounts of thousands of children beaten, starved and humiliated in overcrowded, underfunded state-run orphanages.The number of children in Romania's orphanages has plummeted from more than 100,000 to about 7,000, with a goal of closing all the old-style facilities by 2023 .Across the globe, intensive efforts are underway to get children out of orphanages. There's no precise global tally of children living in orphanages. UNICEF's latest estimate is 2.7 million, but the agency says many countries don't accurately count children in privately run orphanages.A similar effort in Georgia has reduced the number of state-run orphanages from 50 to two, now accommodating about 75 children rather than 5,000 in 2005, UNICEF says.ASIAIn China, orphanages mostly house children who have been abandoned by their families because of serious medical issues.By late last year, there were 460,000 orphans and abandoned children in China – about 373,000 cared for through foster care or adoption, and 88,000 in orphanages, according to official statistics.The National Commission for Children says 3,323 children were in orphanages when the program began in 2012, and all but about 235 have been reunited with relatives or placed with adoptive or foster families.
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