Mobile  |  About us  |  Photos  |  Videos  |  Subscriptions  |  RSS Feeds  |  Today's Paper  |  Classifieds  |  Contact Us
The Daily Star
WEDNESDAY, 16 APR 2014
07:16 PM Beirut time
Weather    
Beirut
23 °C
Blom Index
BLOM
1,214.01down
Columnist
Follow this story Print RSS Feed ePaper share this
The U.S. can limit an Afghan explosion
A+ A-

Gaze into the murky crystal ball at Afghanistan’s future after the withdrawal of American combat troops: The country is fragmented; intense rivalries pitting regions against each other. Kabul remains the center, prized by all, and rivals come there to battle for national dominance.

This isn’t a military assessment, actually, but a business plan formulated by my favorite Kabul tycoon, Saad Mohseni, the head of a media company called Moby Group. He’s launching a new Afghan Premier League in football that will be sponsored by Roshan Telecom Development Co., a leading Afghan communications company, and whose games will be broadcast on Mohseni’s television and radio stations.

This plan for Afghanistan’s first professional football league illustrates how the country has changed over the past decade, no matter what judgment you make about the U.S.-led counterinsurgency effort. Afghanistan is now connected by cellphones and television: 60 percent of the population watches TV regularly, and there are 17 million mobile phones, compared to zero in both categories in 2001.

The biggest force for change in today’s Afghanistan may be urbanization, not politics. In the past several decades of war, Kabul has become a city of more than 5 million people; Herat, Kandahar, and Jalalabad have all tripled in size.

Afghanistan won’t resemble Switzerland anytime soon, but it’s not the same primitive, rural battleground as when the Taliban ruled. According to U.S. polling, the No. 1 issue today is the high cost of weddings.

The football league is an attempt to “[cut] across all ages, socioeconomic groups, regions and tribes,” a pitch letter says. The league will have eight teams, representing the regions that have often been at war. Some teams are named after local birds of prey – the “Eagles of the Hindu Kush” will represent central Afghanistan, the “Ghoshawks,” the rugged southeast, the “Falcons,” the Kabul area.

Player selection began last month – and is being broadcast in a reality-TV competition called “Green Field.” Next comes a round-robin tournament in Kabul in September and October. And then, if it works, they’ll do it again in 2013 (when U.S. troops will be handing over the lead combat role); and again in 2014 (when most U.S. troops are supposed to depart). At least that’s the media plan.

How realistic is the idea of a post-U.S. Afghanistan that is ragged at the edges, but where Kabul remains a hub for communications and commerce, not to mention football tournaments? Nobody knows, but I heard descriptions of a similar “Afghan good enough” outcome from Barack Obama administration officials in recent conversations.

Administration officials hope the Afghan National Army will be strong enough by 2014 to hold Kabul and the ring road that connects the country’s major cities. Local power brokers (aka warlords) may hold sway in some regions, but administration officials doubt the Taliban will be able to control major urban centers. Afghanistan won’t be peaceful or secure like a developed country, but it won’t fall apart, either, in this guardedly hopeful view.

A bleaker prognosis was offered by Dexter Filkins in a widely discussed New Yorker article last month titled “After America: Will civil war hit Afghanistan when the U.S. leaves?” While respectful of what the U.S. military has accomplished, Filkins was skeptical that it can endure. He quoted Afghans and Americans warning that, in Filkins’ words, “under the stress of battle – and without a substantial presence of American combat troops after 2014 – the Afghan army could once again fracture along ethnic lines.”

So which will it be – televised football rivalry or armed civil war? Obviously there’s no way to predict, but two factors would reduce the likelihood of civil war. One is a commitment for a stay-behind force of, say, 15,000 to 30,000 U.S. troops to prevent a return by Al-Qaeda and continue training the Afghan army and police.

Second is a political strategy that moves toward national reconciliation and supports elections in 2014 for a new political leadership to replace the corrupt President Hamid Karzai. Unfortunately, this needed political transition is getting much less attention from Washington than the military pullout.

Afghanistan is viewed as a lost cause by most Americans, I suspect. The country may indeed be heading toward the worst-case scenario described by Filkins’ excellent reporting. But there are some relatively low-cost ways the U.S. can reduce the risk of an Afghan explosion – and keep the country stable enough that media entrepreneurs can make a buck from the nation’s favorite sport – which isn’t war, as the headlines might make us think, but football.

David Ignatius is published twice weekly by THE DAILY STAR.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on August 06, 2012, on page 7.
Home Columnist
 
     
 
Afghan-American relations / Afghanistan civil war / ?Afghanistan / United States of America
Advertisement
Comments  

Your feedback is important to us!

We invite all our readers to share with us their views and comments about this article.

Disclaimer: Comments submitted by third parties on this site are the sole responsibility of the individual(s) whose content is submitted. The Daily Star accepts no responsibility for the content of comment(s), including, without limitation, any error, omission or inaccuracy therein. Please note that your email address will NOT appear on the site.

comments powered by Disqus
More from
David Ignatius
China moves to the scary side of its finances
Putin takes a page out of the American playbook
The U.S. is sole superpower in global trade
A Washington feud focuses on CIA interrogations
Big medicine is achieving astonishing breakthroughs
Advertisement


Baabda 2014
Advertisement
Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Follow us on Linked In Follow us on Google+ Subscribe to our Live Feed
Multimedia
Images  
Pictures of the day
A selection of images from around the world- Tuesday April 15, 2014
View all view all
Advertisement
Rami G. Khouri
Rami G. Khouri
Silencing Ayaan Hirsi Ali’s hate talk
Michael Young
Michael Young
The presidential chess game has begun
David Ignatius
David Ignatius
China moves to the scary side of its boom
View all view all
Advertisement
cartoon
 
Click to View Articles
 
 
News
Business
Opinion
Sports
Culture
Technology
Entertainment
Privacy Policy | Anti-Spamming Policy | Disclaimer | Copyright Notice
© 2014 The Daily Star - All Rights Reserved - Designed and Developed By IDS