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China's ethnic policies are largely to blame for the state of Uyghur-Chinese relations.Chinese minzu policies after 1949 identified 55 ethnic minority ethnic nationalities, including the Uyghur, as different minzu, and established ethnic autonomous regions, ethnic autonomous laws, and minzu-related agencies and apparatuses at national and local levels.The minzu policy is thus supplementary to China's constitution and basic laws.The bifurcated law enforcement in China, warlord legacy in Xinjiang, and lack of a national-level agency (such as the Department of Homeland Security, FBI, or CIA in the United States) indicate that Urumqi – not Beijing – has exercised sovereignty since the 1990s with regard to China's Uyghur policy and anti-terror campaign. It is clear that China is not a complete and regular modern nation, not to mention a complete global power.A prolonged regional guerilla conflict with the goal of retaliating against China's Uyghur policy will likely develop in Xinjiang and elsewhere (as recent deadly attacks in Kunming, Beijing, and Urumqi suggest) if China continues to allow the Urumqi government to implement its repressive policies.He currently teaches in the history department at Frostburg State University in Maryland. His teaching and research interests are Chinese history, Islam and the Muslims of China (including Xinjiang), China-Middle East relations, and China-Central Asian relations.
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