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Lebanon is no longer the water tower of the Levant.Between September of last year and May 2014, Lebanon received about 400 millimeters of rainfall, less than half the seasonal average. Lebanon's water crisis, however, is not merely the result of a dry winter. Effective exploitation of groundwater offers the most cost-effective solution to Lebanon's water woes, as aquifers are natural free-of-charge reservoirs. Groundwater in Lebanon, however, is currently incredibly overexploited. To properly address the current crisis, Lebanon needs to deal head-on with what are essentially water management failures, failures which have been steadily accumulating for many years. Reform Government Agencies Responsible for the Water Sector and Repair Dilapidated Infrastructure: Water loss in the domestic water network through leakage and other forms of wastage is estimated to be 50 percent on average, and as high as 80 percent in some areas.In addition to the lack of personnel, the responsibilities of water-concerned public authorities in Lebanon are currently fragmented and overlapping. Reduce Pollution of Water Resources Through Better Wastewater Management: Many of Lebanon's best sources of water have been rendered unusable due to high levels of pollution.Despite over $3 billion being disbursed in the water sector in Lebanon since 1992, mainly financed through international development loans, no substantial change is evident in the performance of our water networks.
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