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Ten years ago this month, representatives from 168 U.N. member states met in Kobe, the capital of Japan's Hyogo prefecture, to decide how to manage risk better in the wake of the devastating Indian Ocean tsunami, which claimed more than 227,000 lives.In two months, U.N. member states will gather for the third World Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction in another Japanese city synonymous with disaster risk: Sendai – the center of the Tohoku region, which bore the brunt of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami that led to the Fukushima nuclear meltdown.In Asia, where 80 percent of the world's disasters are concentrated, the number of people directly affected has dropped, decade-on-decade, by almost 1 billion, owing to measures such as the Indian Ocean tsunami early warning system.Ethiopia has developed a sophisticated data management system to help guide its efforts to address not only drought but also other natural hazards. Both countries, as well as many others, have incorporated disaster risk into their school curriculum.In the last 44 years, disasters caused by weather, climate and water-related hazards have led to 3.5 million deaths.
Women, girls and disasters
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