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After 12 years of tedious negotiations, Iran and the "P5 1" countries (China, France, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom, plus Germany) have reached a comprehensive agreement that will limit Iran's development of its nuclear capabilities to nonmilitary objectives.As sanctions are lifted, Iran will become stronger, challenging the influence of the Gulf states.Ultimately, however, the impact of the nuclear agreement will depend on political dynamics taking place in Iran. In the first scenario, events unfold according to the hopes of the P5 1 and the Iranian negotiators, with the agreement amplifying the voices of those in Iran who advocate regional and international accommodation.Likewise, Saudi Arabia and Iran bring an end to the fighting in Yemen by backing a power-sharing agreement there.Whereas Rouhani's reformist camp wants to improve Iran's foreign relations, the conservative and nationalist forces surrounding Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei view the agreement as a necessary tool to eliminate economic sanctions and strengthen Iran's conventional military capabilities.The hard-line preachers then undermine whatever confidence Rouhani is building with Iran's neighbors by declaring repeatedly that the agreement represents an implicit acknowledgement of Iran's might by the world's major powers.
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