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Those signs were never grasped by the Arab power structures or the external powers that supported them – the very same powers (the U.S., the U.K., France, Russia, Iran, Saudi Arabia) that now actively engage in warfare in several Arab lands.Here is my list of 10 significant developments across the Arab world since the mid-1970s that should have been seen as early warning signs of problems in our societies. Such groups in Algeria, Egypt, Syria and Saudi Arabia were quickly smashed by the state, which nevertheless never addressed the underlying discontent that gave rise to popular resistance in the first place.A tremendous sign of personal discontent and societal dysfunction as of the early 1980s (and continuing today) was the permanent emigration of tens of thousands of the Arab world's smartest and most dynamic young men and women, who found abroad the professional opportunities and political-cultural rights that their societies denied them.After the Cold War, by the early 1990s political violence was (and remains) practiced by the four major actors in our lands: national governments, opposition and substate organizations, foreign governments, and small terrorist and criminal groups.
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