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As economies develop and start to electrify, motorize, and urbanize, outdoor air pollution becomes the bigger issue.A new OECD report, The Economic Consequences of Outdoor Air Pollution, estimates that outdoor air pollution will cause 6-9 million premature deaths annually by 2060, compared to 3 million in 2010 .Cumulatively, more than 200 million people will die prematurely in the next 45 years as a result of air pollution.The direct market impact of this pollution in terms of lower worker productivity, higher health spending, and lower crop yields, could exceed 1 percent of GDP, or $2.6 trillion, annually by 2060 .Massive as they are, however, the dollar figures do not reflect the true costs of air pollution. So the OECD examined myriad economic studies on air pollution to quantify what people's health is worth to them.By that measure, the global cost of premature deaths caused by outdoor air pollution would reach a staggering $18-25 trillion a year by 2060 .
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