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Africa is the world's most "renewable" continent when it comes to energy. In the rich world, renewables account for less than a 10th of total energy supplies. The 900 million people of Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding South Africa) get 80 percent of their energy from renewables.While a person in Europe or North America uses 11,000 kWh per year on average (much of it through industrial processes), a person in Sub-Sahara Africa uses only 137kWh – less than a typical American refrigerator in four months. In 1900, renewables provided 41 percent of all energy; even at the end of World War II, renewables still provided 30 percent of global energy.In its recent Africa Energy Outlook, the IEA estimates that Africa's energy consumption will increase by 80 percent by 2040; but, with the continent's population almost doubling, less energy per person will be available.This would sharply increase fossil fuel use, reduce much of the most polluting renewables and provide energy access to 230 million more people.
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