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Holding such an international event can obviously be of importance to the city of Beirut because it is an opportunity for it to present itself again as a city for development.The city was demolished and then rebuilt many times across history, with the major transformations that had a remarkable impact on the city of Beirut in particular being the Independence (1945); President Fouad Chehab's period (1958-64) recognized as the phase of state- building, notably through the socio-economic and institutional reforms it has entailed; the Civil War (1975-90) that destroyed the city and razed its major infrastructure, social and economic aspects to the ground; the reconstruction and development phase that followed led by martyr Rafik Hariri (1990-2005), putting prosperous Beirut back on the world map; and the post-assassination phase that has mainly created a socio-political divide of the Lebanese community while spreading its spells in all levels threatening the co-existence model that "the Cosmopolitan Beirut" is recognized for, nationally, regionally and internationally. Beirut has been formed organically, with few attempts to be urbanely planned but remains to-date "a city in plans" (according to Eric Verdeil, Ifpo, 2011- Beirut et ses urbanistes, Une ville en plans).
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