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The answer, according to some, is to pursue a "double freeze," in which North Korea freezes its nuclear and missile activities in exchange for the U.S. and South Korea freezing their joint military exercises.In accepting a double freeze, the U.S. would essentially be rewarding North Korea for ceasing activities that are already in violation of United Nations Security Council resolutions.In 1994, when the U.S. and North Korea last agreed to a freeze on North Korea's plutonium production, Kim's father, Kim Jong Il, quickly broke the deal, embarking on a secret uranium program.China is reluctant to squeeze North Korea, because it fears that doing so could lead to the collapse of the Kim regime, and the loss of its strategic buffer against the U.S.If China truly does want a peaceful resolution to the escalating nuclear crisis, it should address the two key weaknesses of the double-freeze solution, proposing a detailed, intrusive and stringent verification regime and committing itself to serve as the principal enforcer of the agreement. China should make it clear that, were North Korea to violate the deal, it would immediately lose all of the protection and support it receives.
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