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"The Darkest Hour," a film which emphasizes the courage and iron will of Winston Churchill through the first weeks of the World War II, is drawing audiences and praise on its release in North America. It shows new generations that this man – mocked and marginalized in the 1930s by his party – was an inspirational leader during those bleak days, and beyond. Social democracy trumped imperial glory; reluctantly, the latter was progressively given up, transmuted into a Commonwealth of independent states. The certainties of racial superiority and a right to rule justified by a higher civilization floundered and seemed to drown in the years following, as liberals and leftists and a new generation of young radicals repudiated and sneered at their imperialist elders.Yet civilization as a marker of differences never went away. Huntington's idea was conservative, but it was not defined by race, nor did he give the civilizations a hierarchy.According to Brubaker, it's a warrior ideology, "a pan-European civilizational identity," threatened by and ready to threaten another civilizational identity – Islam.
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