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Although there is no widely available vaccine for malaria, three countries are set to take part in a pilot immunization program starting in 2018, as some mosquito-borne diseases – such as yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis and dengue – are vaccine-preventable.Eradicating mosquito-transmitted diseases must therefore be a top priority, eliciting not just effective government stewardship, but also the involvement of civil society, private-sector engagement and the participation of affected communities.One such innovation uses a bacterium called Wolbachia, either to stop deadly viruses from growing or to reduce mosquito populations.Wolbachia is present in about 60 percent of species of insects, including some mosquitoes. A third innovation is essentially a smart mosquito trap, capable of capturing only the mosquito species capable of spreading the Zika virus and other diseases. Part of Microsoft's Project Premonition research initiative, the prototype trap uses an infrared light beam to identify specific mosquito species with more than 80 percent accuracy. When the trap captures a mosquito of interest, it saves related data, such as the time, temperature, humidity and light levels, in order to enhance researchers' understanding of mosquito behavior and thus, their ability to address potential outbreaks.Since then, malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases have been controlled and even eliminated in the developed world.
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