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Once, tuberculosis was one of the world's greatest preoccupations.In the last two centuries, TB has claimed more lives than any other disease: an unprecedented and unsurpassed death toll of 1 billion.Around 3.4 percent of total development assistance for health is devoted to TB, compared to 27.7 percent for maternal and child health and 29.7 percent for HIV in 2015 .Data for 2016, the latest available, show that 6.3 million new cases of TB were reported (up from 6.1 million in 2015) and almost 1.7 million people died.Researchers from the University of Sheffield and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine estimate that in 2014, approximately 1.7 billion individuals were latently infected with TB – just under one-quarter of the global population. Roughly 10 percent of latent cases turn into active TB. What's more, investment in TB disproportionately helps the world's poorest people.In Bangladesh, one in 11 deaths is caused by TB. Every hour, nine people die from a disease that we know how to treat effectively and cheaply.
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