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Since April 27, 2017, when the passage of Law 13 of 2017 introduced sweeping changes to how the heads of judicial bodies in Egypt are chosen, some Egyptian judges have challenged what they see as an attempt to control the judiciary.In this context, Law 13 of 2017 amended both Law 46 of 1972 on the judiciary (which regulates the general judiciary) and Law 47 of 1972 on the State Council to abolish the principle of absolute seniority. The law created a new mechanism wherein the Egyptian president has the sole power, without approval or review from any other authority, to appoint the chief justice of the Court of Cassation (the Supreme Judiciary Council per se) from among three nominees put forward by the Supreme Judiciary Council, as well as to appoint the head of the State Council (the chief justice of the Supreme Administrative Court) from among three nominees put forward by the State Council's general assembly.After the bill officially became law on April 27, it was implemented less than two months later, when the head of the Court of Cassation was set to retire by the end of June 2017 .
Egypt’s elections cast doubt on the viability of a genuine democracy
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