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Over the centuries, societies, farmers and communities have developed sustainable practices to cope with insufficient and unpredictable rains and with limited ground water resources.The Near East and North Africa region, one of the most arid areas of the world, has been grappling with water scarcity for thousands of years. By 2050, the region's population is expected to double and reach nearly 668 million people, of which about 400 million will live in growing cities. These high rates of population growth -- about 2 percent annually compared to a world average of 1.1 percent -- are putting pressure on already scarce arable land and water resources.Unless action is taken, the region may face heavy economic losses due to climate change-induced water scarcity.There is an urgent need to act now on the triple challenge of sustainable water management, climate change, and food security and nutrition.It is unacceptable that a region so water scarce and so dependent on food imports loses more than 30 percent of its food each year.
Zero Hunger: Taking action today for our future tomorrow
to development: Boosting agriculture
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