LONDON: Photos of heptathlete Jessica Ennis, one of Britain’s best hopes for an Olympics gold medal, are everywhere – but they can’t hide the gap that remains between men and women in British sport.
In a country where the three most popular sports – football, rugby and cricket – are dominated by men, women are relegated to the background, especially when it comes to the press.
“We measure the media coverage given to women’s sports in this country and it’s less than 5 percent, so it’s a big problem,” says Sue Tibballs, chief executive of the Women’s Sport and Fitness Foundation.
In Britain, not one woman was among the 10 names shortlisted in 2011 for the BBC’s “Sports Personality of the Year,” a popular annual competition based on a public vote.
This dearth of exposure is coupled with a lack of sporting culture in the female population and an absence of investment in sporting disciplines practiced by women.
According to a recent study by the Commission on the Future of Women’s Sport, a British body, only 0.5 percent of the sponsorship market in Britain goes to women’s sports, compared with 61.1 percent to men.
The rest goes to competitions which feature both genders, such as the Wimbledon tennis tournament.
Many people hope, however, that the 2012 Olympics will change all this, by putting the spotlight on female British athletes who can become role models for others.
Out of the 48 medals which Team GB are aiming for in these Games, “almost half” could be won by women, the government’s Olympics minister, Hugh Robertson said recently.
The decision in 2005 to host the Games in London has resulted in an effort by British companies and the media to push women’s sports, notes Tibballs. “I think what has more impact, arguably, is seeing so many athletes also being used in advertising.”
Even before the first medals have been issued, Jessica Ennis, cycling champion Victoria Pendleton, swimmers Rebecca Adlington and Keri-Anne Payne, and synchronized swimmer Jenna Randall, among others, are the faces of major publicity campaigns and the cover girls for a host of magazines.
“The most important thing is being able to create more profile for sportswomen, so that first of all we can shift the sports culture that is still broadly so much about men’s sports, so it becomes more culturally normal for girls and women to do sports,” says Tibballs.
Fewer than one in five women in Britain do enough sporting activity to stay healthy, according to Tibballs – a much lower proportion than among men.
The gap widens between boys and girls from the age of eight and grows in adolescence, according to a study published in June by the universities of Newcastle and Strathclyde.
“One of the important things is that most girls don’t see sport as cool,” says Mark Pearce of Newcastle University.
“We need to be tackling these issues earlier by encouraging girls to exercise, by providing a wider range of opportunities than are currently on offer and by ensuring they see positive female role models, particularly in the media.”
The absence of sports participation, sometimes reinforced by aesthetic prejudices (muscles can be seen as less than becoming for a woman), have grave consequences in terms of public health.
At the age of 39, the Olympic medal-winning heptathlete Denise Lewis who will cover the London Games for the BBC, hopes that women will do more sport to stay in shape. “When you get to my age, it is about being fit for life, it is not about breaking records,” she said. “I just want to maintain a decent shape and be healthy.”