Exports to China moving through Los Angeles and Long Beach have declined by 35 percent.
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Pier 400 in Los Angeles is North America's largest shipping terminal.The Los Angeles terminal has already ordered an electric, automated carrier from Finnish manufacturer Kalmar, part of the Cargotec Corp., that can fulfill the functions of three kinds of manned diesel vehicles: a crane, top-loader and truck. Exports to China moving through Los Angeles and Long Beach declined by 35 percent, and imports from China dropped by 11.5 percent in this year's first quarter, from the same period in 2018 .Of the 44 shipping terminals that are either semiautomated or fully automated, just five are in the U.S., according to data from Moody's Investors Service. Two of them are neighbors of Pier 400: TraPac LLC Los Angeles, a unit of Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Ltd., and Long Beach Container Terminal in the Port of Long Beach, which in April was sold to Macquarie Asset Management.West Coast ports more keenly feel the pressure to be competitive, given that their per container costs range up to 165 percent higher than those of East Coast and Gulf Coast ports, according to the Pacific Maritime Association.LA and Long Beach have seen their share of U.S. cargo drop to 37 percent, from 41 percent five years ago.In the plan for Pier 400, APM Terminals would take several years to phase in 100 automated straddle carriers.
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