Middle East

U.S. weapons could create warlords: FSA

Abdul Elah al-Bashir al-Naimi.

ISTANBUL: U.S. arms supplies to Syrian rebels may create Somali-style warlords and are undermining Washington’s allies in the rebels’ exile military command, the former Syrian army general who leads it said.

Brigadier Gen. Abdel-Ilah Bashir, who defected in 2012 and led rebel Free Syrian Army forces in Qunaitra province before becoming chief-of-staff of the FSA’s Supreme Military Council in February, told Reuters that Washington was bypassing the SMC in sending weapons directly to groups that were hard to control.

“The Americans are leading the distribution of weapons on the northern front and in the southern front. We demand that we be responsible,” Bashir, 56, said in an interview in Istanbul.

“Providing support to individual battalions could turn the commanders of these battalions into warlords and they will be difficult to control in future,” he added.

“This could turn Syria into Afghanistan or Somalia.”

His remarks echoed former U.N. envoy Lakhdar Brahimi, who compared Syria to both those countries at the weekend and warned there would be “warlords all over the place.”

The U.S. State Department responded to Bashir’s complaints by saying that military aid was being distributed to “moderate, vetted groups ... in coordination with” the SMC.

Formally, the U.S. supplies are “nonlethal” – such as radios, trucks and training. But some U.S. officials have said small arms and anti-tank missiles are also being given.

In recent weeks several rebel groups – fighting nominally under the banner of the FSA – have said they have received TOW anti-tank missiles and training in Qatar, with either the blessing or direct assistance of Washington. While they made positive statements about the SMC, the process appears to have sidelined the Turkey-based leadership of the FSA.

Bashir, whose organization has long been dismissed by many rebels as ineffective, said Washington had sidelined it since an SMC arms depot was seized by Islamists in December. That led to the dismissal of Bashir’s predecessor and to his own appointment – a promotion Bashir himself learned of only from television.

He called on the United States also to supply anti-aircraft weapons – something Washington has repeatedly ruled out for fear they could fall into hostile hands – and said that under his leadership the SMC could be trusted to monitor their use.

Describing last week’s re-election of Syrian President Bashar Assad as “theater,” Bashir said anti-aircraft weapons would let the rebels turn the tide of the 3-year-old war.

But the presence of anti-Western Islamists among the rebels means the U.S. and its European allies are wary of supplying arms that could be used against their own interests.

A U.S. State Department official noted that President Barack Obama promised more support to the rebels last month and said that the SMC remained involved in the process.

“As part of the State Department’s provision of nonlethal assistance to moderate, vetted groups, we regularly meet and engage with the SMC and Bashir,” the official said. “We are stepping up the pace of deliveries of nonlethal assistance to Free Syrian Army commanders in coordination with the SMC.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on June 10, 2014, on page 8.




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