Egyptian farmers use a new plow that uses a fraction of the water utilized by convention plows.
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"For a thousand years," Abdullah Sheikh's family has been working the land the same way – flooding fields in Egypt's Nile Delta and planting seeds by hand.The plow could one day help Egypt alleviate water shortages that threaten to cripple the Arab world's most populous country in the next decade. The annual flood ended with the completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1970, and surging population growth has transformed Egypt – with over 90 million citizens – into the world's largest wheat importer.Water is already considered "scarce" in Egypt, and it expects its per capita annual supply to fall below the 500-cubic-meter threshold that denotes "absolute scarcity" under international norms by 2025, from some 600 cubic meters today. One such area is New Gurna, built on the west bank of the city of Luxor, famed for its pharaonic temples and tombs. Residents there complain they go days without water, with pressure sometimes returning for only a few hours a week.
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