Middle East

Sold by Daesh in Raqqa, Yazidi female fighters are back

Heza prepares her rifle for battle in Raqqa.

RAQQA, Syria: She was trafficked into Raqqa as a sex slave by Daesh (ISIS) but managed to escape. Now Yazidi fighter Heza is back to avenge the horrors she and thousands of others suffered. Her hair tucked under a tightly wrapped forest green shawl embroidered with flowers, Heza says battling Daesh in its Syrian bastion has helped relieve some of her trauma.

“When I started fighting, I lifted some of the worries from my heart,” she says, surrounded by fellow Yazidi militiawomen in Raqqa’s eastern Al-Mashlab district.

“But it will be full of revenge until all the women are freed.”

She and her two sisters were among thousands of women and girls from the Kurdish-speaking Yazidi minority taken hostage by Daesh as it swept into Iraq’s Sinjar region in August 2014.

The women were sold and traded across the militants’ self-proclaimed “caliphate” in Syria and Iraq. Around 3,000 are believed to remain in captivity, including one of Heza’s sisters.

“When the Yazidi genocide happened, Daesh snatched up the women and girls. I was one of them,” Heza recounts.

The United Nations has qualified the massacres Daesh carried out against the Yazidis during the Sinjar attack as genocide.

Daesh separated Yazidi females from the men in Sinjar, bringing the women and girls into Raqqa.

“They took us like sheep. They chased us and humiliated us in these very streets,” Heza tells AFP, gesturing to a row of heavily damaged homes in Al-Mashlab.

The eastern district was the first neighborhood captured from Daesh by the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, a Kurdish-Arab alliance, in their monthslong offensive to seize the militant bastion.

SDF officials told AFP that their forces had already rescued several female Yazidi captives, including a 10-year-old girl, since they entered Raqqa city in June.

Over the course of her 10-month captivity in Raqqa, Heza was bought by five different Daesh fighters.

Her voice strained but her brown eyes still sharp, the young fighter says she prefers not to detail the abuses she suffered. But in an indication of the extent of her trauma, Heza – whose name means “strength” in Kurdish – says she tried to commit suicide several times.

Finally, in May 2015, she escaped from the home where she was being held to a nearby market, and she found a Syrian Kurdish family who smuggled her out of the city.

She traveled around 400 kilometers across war-ravaged northeast Syria back into Iraq to join the Shengal Women’s Units (YPS).

The YPS – named after the Kurdish word for Sinjar – is a part of the U.S.-backed SDF.

Heza underwent intensive weapons training, and when the SDF announced its fight for Raqqa in November 2016, she and other YPS fighters were ready.

“When the Raqqa offensive began, I wanted to take part in it for all the Yazidi girls who were sold here in these streets,” she says.

“My goal is to free them, to avenge them.”

The SDF spent months tightening the noose around Raqqa before breaking into the city in June, and the YPS took up their first positions in Al-Mashlab several weeks later.

It was the first time Heza was back in the northern Syrian city since her escape.

“When I entered Raqqa, I had a strange, indescribable feeling. Despite the enormous pain that I carry, I felt joy,” the fighter says.

Rifles are lined up in neat rows inside the abandoned home used by the YPS as their base in Al-Mashlab.

Yazidi women in brand-new uniforms gather around a crackling walkie-talkie for news from the front.

Some of them, like 20-year-old Merkan, have traveled far to join the fight against Daesh.

Her family is originally Yazidi Turkish, but Merkan and her 24-year-old sister Arin were raised in Germany. When they heard about Daesh’s infamous sweep into Sinjar in 2014, they were outraged.

“I could never have imagined a world like this. I didn’t expect things like this could happen,” Merkan says.

“I was in so much pain,” says the tall militiawoman.

Her older sister decided to travel to Sinjar in late 2014 to join the YPS, and Merkan followed in early 2015.

“I only had one goal in front of me: liberating the Yazidi women, and all women who were still in Daesh’s clutches.”

She had scribbled a similar pledge in Kurdish on a wall behind her.

“Through strength and struggle, we Yazidi women fighters came to Raqqa to take revenge for the Aug. 3 massacre,” the graffiti says, referring to when Daesh entered Sinjar. “We are avenging Yazidi girls,” it adds.

“Yesterday there was Al-Qaeda and today there’s Daesh. We don’t know who will come next. I want to go anywhere there is injustice,” Merkan said.

Fellow fighter Basih is sitting quietly in a neighboring room, chain-smoking cigarettes in the muggy July afternoon.

“We suffered the ugliest forms of injustice. Our revenge will be proportional to it,” she said.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on July 20, 2017, on page 8.




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