Middle East

Mosul church turned into Daesh religious police base

A Christian Iraqi woman cries after she saw the St. Addai church which was damaged by Islamic State fighters during their occupation of Keramlis village, less than 18 miles, 29 kilometers, southeast of Mosul, Iraq, Sunday Nov. 13, 2016. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)

MOSUL, Iraq: The elegant columns of a west Mosul church stand plastered with Daesh (ISIS) propaganda after the militants’ infamous religious police took over the Christian place of worship. The sign above the door of Um al-Mauna (Our Mother of Perpetual Help) in Iraq’s second city reads “Chaldean Catholic church,” but its extremist occupants had other ideas.

“No entry, by order of the Islamic State Hesba Division [the religious police], they wrote on the building’s outside wall.

Five militants lie dead outside, their bodies twisted and one with the top of his skull blown off, after Iraqi forces retook the neighborhood from Daesh this week.

The church “was an important office for the authorities tasked with making sure [Mosul] residents had a beard, wore short robes and followed their extremist convictions,” says Lt. Col. Abdel-Amir al-Mohammedawi of the elite Rapid Response Division.

Iraqi forces are pushing an offensive to retake the whole of Mosul, the militant group’s last major urban bastion in the country, after retaking its eastern side in January. Daesh fighters took control of the city in 2014, imposing their harsh interpretation of Islamic law on its inhabitants.

Above the door of the ocher-colored church, Daesh members have damaged a stone cross. Not far away, they seem to have tried to rip another from a metal door off its hinges.

Not a single crucifix, or statue of Jesus Christ or the Virgin Mary has survived in the building’s nave, from which all mark of Christianity has been methodically removed.

Only the gray marble altar remains. In the church’s empty alcoves lies the base of a statue that was probably also destroyed, decorated with red and yellow flowers.

The posters on the church’s marble columns give an indication of what life was like under Daesh.

One shows religious invocations to repeat in the mornings and evenings, while another explains the benefits of praying in a mosque.

A “town document” lists the 14 rules of life in Mosul under militant rule: “The trade and consumption of alcohol, drugs and cigarettes is banned.” Women should wear modest attire and only appear in public “when necessary,” it says.

A pamphlet on the rubble-covered ground explains the different forms of corporal punishment prescribed for theft, alcohol consumption, adultery and homosexuality. It comes complete with chilling illustrations.

Militants have scribbled their noms de guerre on the church’s walls, and a large chandelier has been dumped in the yard.

In the church’s small side rooms, artificial flower garlands are draped near posters explaining how to use a Kalashnikov rifle.

Chaldeans make up the majority of Iraq’s Christians. But a community that numbered more than a million before the 2003 ouster of Saddam Hussein has since dwindled to less than 350,000 in the face of recurring violence.

In June 2014, militant fighters led by Daesh seized control of Mosul and ordered those in the city’s Christian community to convert to Islam, pay a special tax, leave or face execution.

Weeks later, the militants swept through Qaraqosh and the rest of the Ninevah Plain east of Mosul, where an estimated 120,000 Christians lived, prompting them all to flee.

But the Um al-Mauna Church is in a better condition than most of the rest of the Al-Dawasa neighborhood, which has been ravaged by the fighting.

On one of its empty trading streets, once flashy shop facades have been reduced to contorted iron and shredded concrete.

On one poster advertising male clothing, Daesh members – whose interpretation of Islam forbids human representation – have blacked out the faces and bare arms of the models.

 
A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on March 11, 2017, on page 8.

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