Members of Shi'ite group Asaib ahl al-Haq walk outside their premises in Basra, Iraq November 8, 2018. REUTERS/Essam al-Sudani
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In May, Hassan Fada'am traded his military fatigues for a suit when he became one of 45 Shiite militiamen elected to Iraq's 329-seat parliament. Fada'am trained as a soldier in Iran and fought against Daesh (ISIS) in Iraq. Abdel-Mahdi's predecessor as prime minister, Haider al-Abadi, has said he fears the militiamen will undermine efforts to unify Iraq.Republican senators have introduced a bill that would impose sanctions on two Iranian-backed militias in Iraq, Asaib Ahl al-Haq and Harakat al-Nujaba.For two decades, Badr's leader Hadi al-Amiri led the fight against Saddam Hussein from exile in Iran.SUSPICIOUS OF AMERICAWhen Iraq's Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani urged his fellow Shiites to join the fight against Daesh in 2014, Fada'am was among the tens of thousands of Shiites who answered the call.Like many parts of Iraq, Hilla lacks basic services.The rooms are cleaner than most medical facilities in Iraq.Like Iran, Khazali is opposed to the American military presence in Iraq.About 5,200 U.S. troops are based in Iraq.The Iraqi state budget allocated $1 billion for the militias during the war with Daesh.
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