Middle East

Syria Kurds warn of regime pressure, fear aid shortage

A woman mourns at a funeral for two Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) fighters in the Syrian Kurdish-majority city of Qamishli, on January 13, 2020, after they were killed by a Turkish military drone, according to Kurdish security officials. AFP / Delil SOULEIMAN

BEIRUT: Kurdish authorities in northeast Syria warned Tuesday that a U.N. vote to scrap a key entry point for cross-border aid will lead to medical shortages and expose them to regime control. “There will be no [U.N.] aid entering the region except from government-held areas, which will give the regime a greater ability to control aid distribution,” said Abdel Kader Mouwahad, director of humanitarian affairs for Kurdish authorities.

The Yaroubiya crossing along the Iraqi border, was a key entry point for U.N.-funded medical aid reaching a Kurdish-held region where an estimated 1,650,000 people are reliant on humanitarian assistance, according to aid groups.

The U.N. had used it to deliver medical supplies that the regime had not permitted via Damascus.

But it was scrapped last Friday after the U.N. Security Council voted to scale back cross-border aid deliveries to Syria, under pressure from regime ally Russia.

This leaves Syria’s Kurds with the unofficial Samalka crossing with Iraqi Kurdistan, which is not used for U.N. aid.

Yaroubiya’s closure will cripple at least half of the healthcare response in an area ravaged by battles against Daesh (ISIS) as well as a Turkish offensive in October that displaced 200,000 people.

It will disrupt “60 to 70 percent of medical assistance to Al-Hol,” an overcrowded desert camp brimming with tens of thousands of civilians and Daesh families, Mouwahad said.

It will also threaten the delivery of U.N.-funded medicine and medical equipment to a key hospital in the city of Hassakeh as well as critical medical points established around two towns near the Turkish border hard hit by Turkey’s latest incursion, he told AFP.

He said U.N. support for the Kurdish Red Crescent may also be cut.

Aggravating the situation, U.N.-funded aid to northeast Syria must now come either from Turkey or from government-held areas with permission from Damascus, which aims to reintegrate Kurdish-held areas into the state’s fold.

But Mouwahad said it was “impossible” for aid to enter from Turkey, which views Kurdish forces in Syria as a “terrorist” offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) on its own soil.

Damascus, for its part, will use aid supply lines as a “pressure card” to encourage Kurds to relinquish the semi-autonomy they have achieved during Syria’s 9-year-old conflict.

“The aim is to politically intimidate the Kurdish administration,” Mouwahad said.

Syrian troops have already deployed in much of the northeast in recent months as part of a deal with the Kurds who are seeking protection from Turkey.

Damascus has also called on the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces who have fought IS to integrate into its military, a proposal the Kurds rejected.

Redur Khalil, a senior SDF official, said the latest U.N. move was a “dangerous development.”

“Aid will be barred from reaching the region” under the restrictions on entry points, he said on Twitter, urging the United Nations to intervene.

International Crisis Group analyst Sam Heller said the curb on aid entry points “further concentrates power in Damascus, and in Syrian government hands.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on January 15, 2020, on page 5.




Your feedback is important to us!

We invite all our readers to share with us their views and comments about this article.

Disclaimer: Comments submitted by third parties on this site are the sole responsibility of the individual(s) whose content is submitted. The Daily Star accepts no responsibility for the content of comment(s), including, without limitation, any error, omission or inaccuracy therein. Please note that your email address will NOT appear on the site.

Alert: If you are facing problems with posting comments, please note that you must verify your email with Disqus prior to posting a comment. follow this link to make sure your account meets the requirements. (http://bit.ly/vDisqus)

comments powered by Disqus



Interested in knowing more about this story?

Click here